Many gay men who watch pornography enjoy and sometimes prefer material in which condoms are not used, but have some anxieties about the potential effects of bareback porn on their own sexual behaviour.
According to a study of Australian gay men, HIV optimism remains a useful indicator of one's likelihood to take risks during sex and one's beliefs about HIV transmission risk in particular may reflect willingness to pursue pleasure over risk, or, alternatively, morbid fear of any risk.
Fridae CEO Stuart Koe told attendees at the Be Heard! pre-conference for MSM at the AIDS 2010 conference in Vienna that health promoters should take advantage of the potential of the web to reach gay men and MSM more effectively.
Researchers who reviewed 16 studies – that were judged to be relevant enough to be included – found that the risk of HIV transmission during anal intercourse may be around 18 times greater than during vaginal intercourse.
Many consider oral sex to be zero risk for HIV transmission and a safer alternative to penetrative sex but researchers analysing multiple studies on the topic are concluding that oral sex does carry some risk.