A report, entitled “Discrimination and violence against individuals based on their sexual orientation and gender identity,” details the global condition of behavior towards LGBT people.
In many countries, LGBT people suffer under discriminatory laws. At least 76 countries still have laws that criminalize or persecute LGBT people, and eight countries even prescribe the death penalty.
The report states that “States that criminalize consensual homosexual acts are in breach of international human rights laws…” and that discrimination against LGBT people in many countries is exacerbated by other factors such as race, gender and poverty.
The report also highlights the “alarmingly high rates of homicidal violence” against LGBT people and highlights the additional risk faced by lesbians and transgender women because of gender inequality.
Bullying and physical abuse against youth and students perceived to be LGBT is rampant along with harassment and abuse at the workplace. It notes that "anti-propaganda" laws, such as in Russia, which many Central Asian states are considering copying, fuel persecution of LGBT people.
However, the report does note that LGBT people have made advances since 2011 (when the UN political body affirmed the equal human rights of LGBT people). In 2015 a total of 34 countries permit same-sex marriage or civil unions, 12 more than in 2011. 10 more countries have made it easier for transgender people to obtain accurate legal documents.
The UN report details a number of recommendations to global governments including:
Legal recognition of same-sex couples and their children
Repealing laws that penalize consensual same-sex conduct
Repealing "anti-propaganda" laws
Enacting comprehensive anti-discrimination legislation
Permitting freedom of assembly and speech for LGBT activists
Proscribing hate crimes and incitement to violence
Ending abusive and dangerous “conversion therapy” practices
Providing identity documents that reflect self-identified gender for transgender citizens